2019 m. April 23
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Didžioji str. 17/1, LT-01128 Vilnius, Tel. +370 5 231 4139, Fax. +370 5 279 1033, e-mail centras@genocid.lt
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Research of martyrology and terror archives
MARTYROLOGY RESEARCH

The programme includes the compilation and publication of the index of names of genocide victims. In 1992, Volume 1 of Lietuvos gyventojų genocidas 1939–1941 (Genocide of the Lithuanian Population 1939–1941) (continuous publication) was published. It is intended to commemorate the victims of the 1939–1941 Soviet genocide. It contains the names of 28,460 victims. Information for Volume 1 was collected from authentic material provided by people (questionnaires, letters, memoirs, etc.). When it became possible to gather information from the Lithuanian Special Archives (former archives of KGB, Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Lithuanian SSR, and Institute of History of the Communist Party of Lithuania), a considerable amount of additional information was collected about the terror waged against the Lithuanian population in 1939–1941. On this basis, in 1999 Volume 1 was re-published (30,500 names).

Volume 2 of the index of names is dedicated to the victims of the Soviet genocide in 1944–1947. This is a period of the most horrendous terror and losses when one occupier was replaced by another. Within a period of two and a half years, more than 80,000 people in Lithuania suffered from the returning Soviet occupation forces. The data is published in three books of Volume 2:
  • Volume 2 Book 1 published in 1998 (22,000 names A-J);
  • Volume 2 Book 2 published in 2002 (33,500 names K-S);
  • Volume 2 Book 3 published in 2005 (27,000 names Š-Ž).
Volume 2 of the index of names is dedicated to the victims of the 1948 reprisals. More than 40,000 people were deported from Lithuania during the mass campaign on 22 May 1948 called operation ‘Spring’ (Rus. Vesna) in the documents of the repressive structures. The number of prisoners, partisans killed and people who otherwise suffered from the occupying forces in this year totalled about 20,000. The data is published in two books of Volume 3:
  • Volume 3 Book 1 published in 2007 (30,000 names A-M);
  • Volume 3 Book 2 published in 2009 (23,000 names N-Ž).
Currently, information for the index of 1949 is being collected.

Material for the index of names of freedom fighters is also gathered and systematised. Primary information on about approximately 49,000 partisans, messengers and supporters has been collected and digitised. It is being verified and supplemented with the help of members of the struggle for freedom, political prisoners, members of other organisations, and various researchers, because these organisations, people engaged in regional studies, individual explorers, local museums of regional history have a lot of comprehensive and precise information about freedom fighters; people also remember them.

FORMATION OF THE TERROR ARCHIVES

The Archival Unit of the Index of Names continues to form a catalogue of perpetrators of repressions – armed Soviet collaborators [Rus. istrebiteli] and employees of NKVD/MGB/KGB started in 1995.

Using a variety of sources – letters, questionnaires, descriptions, documents and other written authentic material about the annihilation, persecution, imprisonment and deportation of the Lithuanian population during the Nazi and Bolshevik occupations – information is collected, systematised and filed in catalogues.

Using the operational files available at the Lithuanian Special Archives, the main data has been collected to form the files on armed Soviet collaborators. It is likely that after supplementing the databank from operational files on the perpetrators of repressions, a clearer picture will emerge about the mass and individual executions carried out by the occupation forces and their collaborators, and the methods used to suppress the anti-occupational resistance and persons involved in these activities. This material should help fulfil one of the most important objectives of the LGGRT Centre – to initiate legal assessment of the organisers and perpetrators of the genocide of the Lithuanian population.

The archives of the Unit currently include:
  • an index of members of exterminating battalions (17,000 names);
  • an index of KGB employees (8,500 names).
DIGITISATION OF SYSTEMATISED ARCHIVE DATA

The preparatory phase of this programme – collection, storage, systematisation and digitisation of information about the annihilation, persecution, imprisonment and deportation of the Lithuanian population during the Nazi and Bolshevik occupations – started in 1988 when the Commission for Investigation of Stalinist Crimes was established by the Lithuanian Reform Movement, Sąjūdis.

The computer database of the archives has been set up based on questionnaires and information obtained from the criminal and operational files of the Lithuanian Special Archives, index of criminal files, filtration files, index of KGB employees, lists of convicted people or people deported to labour camps, various publications and other sources. Between 1997 and 2010 the database has grown from 58,000 to 200,000 names.

Using the documentary material of the Lithuanian Special Archives, the Archival Unit of the Index of Names forms a computer databank on the victims of the genocide of the Lithuanian population. The entire content of the databank will be as follows:
  • Victims of mass or individual massacres perpetrated by NKVD, the Red Army, local activists and collaborators;
  • People who were imprisoned in prisons and labour camps in Lithuania and Soviet Union, died or went missing;
  • Deportees;
  • Partisans;
  • Participants of unarmed resistance.
  • People persecuted for their religious beliefs and national principles;
  • Victims of the German occupation regime (the genocide of the Jews, annexation of Klaipėda Region, anti-Nazi resistance and forced mobilisation, executions of hostages and people imprisoned in concentration camps),
  • Victims of activities of the Armia Krajowa and Soviet partisans in Lithuania in 1941–1945;
  • Victims of military actions in Lithuania (killings and terror in Lithuania Minor, people who died or went missing during their retreat to the West);
  • Losses of the population deported to Germany for forced labour.
© Lietuvos gyventojų genocido ir rezistencijos tyrimo centras.
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